20+ Difference Between Air National Guard And Air Force Reserve

Both the Air National Guard and the Air Force Reserve are civilian branches of the United States Air Force that provide vital military capabilities to meet the full breadth of the country’s defense needs.

The Air National Guard, in contrast to the Air Force Reserve, serves in both federal and state capacities.

The President of the United States directs full and part-time operations of the Air Force Reserve. It’s important to note that both groups consist of civilian airmen but have different chains of command.

Comparison Between Air National Guard and Air Force Reserve

ParameterAir National GuardAir Force Reserve
ManagementThis command is responsible for overseeing the operations of a number of different organizations, including the National Guard Bureau, the Air National Guard Readiness Center, and the 54th National Guard Joint Force Headquarters-State, among others.A single Major Command, three Numbered Air Forces, and a directorate on the Air Staff will provide support for the dual-hatted Chief of the Air Force Reserve. This assistance will be given by a single Major Command.
Duty IntegrationA bit under a third of the total number of TFI affiliations held by the whole AF organization as a whole.This organization is the result of a collaborative effort put in by about two-thirds of the organizations that are part of the larger whole, that is, the Air Force’s Total Force Integration. It is estimated that around ten percent of the chosen reserve force for the Department of Defense is made up of individual reservists who are serving in more than one department within the department.
CommandWhen establishing the extent of the authority that the Governor of the state has, it does not matter whether a profession in the state government is conducted on a full-time or part-time basis since there is no differentiation made between the two. This is because serving at the command of the President is a constitutional obligation. This is due to the fact that it is a constitutional requirement for one to serve under the order of the President.A wide variety of tasks, some of which are full-time and others of which are part-time, and with direct reporting to the President of the United States of America.
RestrictionsANG is not in the slightest bit bound in any way by the constraints that are put on it as a result of the numerous statutory requirements. ANG may do anything it wants, whenever it wants, regardless of any restrictions. ANG is totally unaffected by these constraints in any way.Posse comitatus is the name of the legislation that gives the state the ability to maintain a significant amount of control over AFR. This is indeed the situation. Because of this, the agency’s ability to carry out its missions is restricted by a wide range of distinct conditions.

Major Differences Between Air National Guard and Air Force Reserve

What Exactly Is Air National Guard?

Air National Guard is a community-based Air Force reserve component controlled by the National Guard Office, a combined Army-Air Force bureau. The Air National Guard is a unique federal-state force.

When under state control, soldiers report to the governor to execute their militia duties until the President sends them back to help in national or state crises. As federal reserve troops, they’re part of America’s field forces.

Under state and federal direction, the Air National Guard protects life and property and maintains peace, order, and public safety.

Air National Guard Key Differences

  • The National Guard Bureau, which is a component of the Department of Defense, is in charge of managing the activities of the Air National Guard.
  • It is the responsibility of the Air National Guard to ensure that all of the requirements listed in Title 32 of the United States Code are met.
  • Nevertheless, individual states remain accountable for the administration of the A.N.G., despite the fact that the federal government provides the organization’s funding.
  • The Posse Comitatus Act does not apply to the Army National Guard in its capacity as a state agency since the Guard is exempt from all of the Act’s requirements and restrictions.
  • They are tasked with safeguarding and serving their nation, in addition to offering a hand to the operations carried out by the federal government.
  • It is possible that either the Governor of the state or the President of the United States of America will be given the authority to call out the troops.

What Exactly Is Air Force Reserve?

The Air National Guard is the other civilian component of the U.S. Air Force. It helps defend air, space, and cyberspace. Their objective is to fly, fight, and win. The 1916 National Defense Act created the Air Force Reserve.

Air Force Reserve components play a substantial part in the overall force and execute largely support tasks, including airlift and air medical evacuations. The Air Force Reserve provides most of the service’s communications and combats engineering capabilities.

Air Force Reserve Key Differences

  • The Air Force Reserve is the component of the United States Air Force that is responsible for reserve operations. The Air Force Reserve is the correct name for this organization.
  • The date that was established in Title 10 of the United States Code as the point at which the Air Force Reserve became fully operational has already passed (U.S.C.).
  • The financial well-being of the A.F.R. is ensured not only by the state but also by the federal government, with the state providing just a very small contribution.
  • As a direct consequence of the Posse Comitatus Act, the activities of A.F.R. are constrained in one way or another.
  • The main objective is to provide the troops with the essential equipment for battle in order for those warriors to effectively Fly, Fight, and Win.
  • The federal government of the United States is able to get in contact with them during times of crisis thanks to the available communication channels.

Contrast Between Air National Guard and Air Force Reserve


  • Air National Guard- The Air National Guard operates most of the time under Title 32, allowing them to receive federal funding while remaining under state jurisdiction. They are subject to the authority of the state and are required to report to the governor of their respective states in order to aid the state in times of emergency.

    They perform their duties in accordance with the directives of the governors of the respective states until they are summoned to active service in accordance with an order from the President of the United States.
  • Air Force Reserve- Because they operate under Title 10 of the United States Code, members of the Air Force Reserve are not allowed to engage in law enforcement duties unless the Constitution or another statute specifically permits such actions.


  • Air National Guard- They have been organized, trained, and equipped specifically for the federal responsibilities that they are responsible for, which take priority over the state-sanctioned goals that they have been given.

    The Air National Guard is responsible for both state and federal tasks, although the federal obligations are where the majority of their attention is directed. Its mission is to promptly provide assistance at times of national crises to the greatest degree that is possible, given the resources at its disposal.
  • Air Force Reserve- The primary mission of the Air Force Reserve is to provide troops that are ready for battle in order for those forces to be able to “Fly, Fight, and Win.”

    On the other hand, the Air Force Reserve is an essential component of the nation’s defenses against external threats to the nation’s air, space, and cyberspace domains.


  • Air National Guard- It is the duty of the Chief of the National Guard Bureau to provide the Director of the Air National Guard with up-to-date information on the state of the Air National Guard on a regular basis.

    This task must be done in a manner that is consistent with the defined procedure. Due to the fact that this obligation falls within the purview of the National Guard Bureau, it is their responsibility to carry it out.
  • Air Force Reserve- Performed the duties of a consultant for both the Secretary of the Air Force and the Chief of the Air Force Reserve while simultaneously carrying out the duties of the post of Chief of the Air Force Reserve while serving in that capacity.

    While serving in the role of Chief of the Air Force Reserve, this was accomplished.


  • Air National Guard- It is possible for the state to assist volunteer work because organizations recognized by the state and responsible for facilitating the process are available to anybody interested in participating in volunteer work.
  • Air Force Reserve- The authority that has been established makes this resource accessible and guarantees that it is simple to use in order to assist the mobilization of either voluntary or involuntary labor.

    When the order to mobilize is issued, there is an immediate increase of 790,000 personnel in the armed forces which are available for service. The Individual Ready Reserve, the Standby Reserve, the Retired Reserve, and the Retired Active Duty all contribute members to this group.


  • Air National Guard- The Air National Reserve will accomplish this mission by providing assistance to both the state and the federal governments in their efforts to fulfill the responsibilities that have been delegated to them by their respective levels of government.

    The Air National Reserve’s purpose is to assist both levels of government in fulfilling the obligations delegated to them by their respective levels of government.
  • Air Force Reserve- The Air Force Reserve refers to the ten sections of the United States Code that serve as the basis for its day-to-day operations as “the foundation.”

    These ten sections of the United States Code are collectively referred to in the Air Force Reserve as “the foundation.”

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

How frequently do you get to go up in the air while serving in the Air National Guard?

We work and serve at least one weekend a month and a few weeks out of the year, which is why the Air National Guard is considered a part-time job for those of us who join.

Although that is the typical function of the Air Guard, members of the Guard may also be activated for deployments or called to serve during times of emergency inside their home state.

Is it worthwhile to become a member of the Air National Guard?

As a member of the Air National Guard, you will have the opportunity to serve in a unit that is geographically near your home.

You will also gain vital technical skills that will fuel your personal and professional development.

You may also be eligible for benefits the military offers, such as low-cost health insurance plans, a retirement plan, and eligibility for home loans offered by the V.A.

Is it difficult to go through Air National Guard basic training?

Being a member of the Air Guard is not an easy job. It all begins with Basic Training, which is a course that lasts for eight weeks and is meant to test and improve both your physical and mental endurance while also providing you with the fundamental skills you need to become an Airman.

Is it to one’s advantage to become a member of the Air Force Reserve?

Air Force Reserve members are eligible for various benefits, including a comprehensive health care package, inexpensive life insurance, and attractive retirement packages.

Establishing security is made to be a very straightforward process as a result of these benefits.

Signing incentives may reach up to $20,000 for members of the Air Force Reserve who join specified occupational specialties and enlist in the Air Force Reserve.

Is it possible for you to get out of the Air Force Reserves?

When you leave the Air Force, whether freely or involuntarily, this is referred to as being separated from the service. This pertains to both the Active Duty and Reserve components as well as the Guard.

Once your service commitment, sometimes referred to as your contract, has been satisfied, you can split from the Air Force of your own will.

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