20+ Difference between Andragogy and Pedagogy

Typical depictions of students in a classroom show they are young, receptive, and dependent on the teacher to impart their knowledge and experience.

Pedagogy, the study and art of educating young people, comes from two Greek words: paidi, meaning “child,” and helos, meaning “guide.”

The term “andragogy,” which refers to teaching adults, comes from the Greek word for “man” (Andras) and is very different from “pedagogy,” the study of child development.

Comparison Between Andragogy And Pedagogy

DefinitionThe study of how individuals continue to learn throughout their lives is called andragogy. This is in stark contrast to the instructional approach that has been taken. Methodologies and theoretical frameworks that are standard in formal adult education programs are used throughout this course of study.Pedagogy is a term that is often used while discussing education. It’s a way of teaching students that considers the worldview of the person doing the teaching. The fundamental goal of pedagogy is to educate pupils by expanding upon the information that they already possess.
DependenceIn the absence of adult supervision, a person can participate in any activity of their choosing. Regarding their education, they take a very proactive approach to the search for opportunities for self-directed, autonomous development and learning.Someone who is continually working to enhance their knowledge and abilities is a good example of someone independent. Learners are subject to the whims and timetables of the instructors who are accountable for them, which puts them at a disadvantage.
ResourcesSomeone who has reached maturity may learn from their own experiences and those of others. So they might learn to see things from other angles.Because the student has limited access to information, the teacher needs to devise creative methods to transfer knowledge to the student’s brain to compensate for the student’s limited access to information.
Reason to learnLearners of any age do so when they are faced with the compelling need for fresh knowledge or the potential to enhance their abilities and performance. Learners are motivated to do so when they are presented with the possibility of improving their skills and performance.To be able to go to the next level, you need to enhance the quantity of information that you currently possess. Only then will you be able to progress? After then, and only then, will you be able to do it.
FocusAdults are given training in new skills to improve their chances of successfully addressing certain issues or carrying out specific tasks. This is the objective of education aimed specifically toward adults.Both teaching and learning are structured around certain subjects or themes, and a significant focus is placed on adhering to a predetermined curriculum and a set of steps logically coherent within the context of the subject or topic being studied.

Major Difference Between Andragogy And Pedagogy

What exactly is Andragogy?

Since adults are self-motivated and able to rely on prior experience to solve complex problems, one of the primary concerns of “leading the elders” should be the question of how to best assist them in remembering new information, developing new approaches to old problems, and fostering a greater capacity for independent thought.

Teaching adults requires a different approach than that utilized with younger students. Using a behavior chart with stickers to encourage adults to stay quiet during reading time is more appropriate for youngsters.

Key Difference: Andragogy

  • The term “andragogy” refers to an educational philosophy that emphasizes the needs of mature students. It explores the many ways in which adult learners vary from young ones. 
  • It is also based on the assumption that teaching techniques developed for use with younger students are ineffective when applied to adults. 
  • Students are less dependent on the instructor or facilitator over the course of their education. Methods used in education, often those employed with older students. 
  • College students nowadays have more control over their academic experience and the tools at their disposal. Generally speaking, students don’t put much stock in their grades. 
  • Deeply invested in looking forward and measuring their learning, they already know what they need to know. 
  • The learners in this model are assumed to have prior expertise in the subject, allowing for knowledge sharing and a more engaging learning environment.
  • They want their education and training to be more applicable to real-world issues so that they may improve their quality of life via it. 
  • Here, students are motivated to study because they want to better themselves and because they feel they need to deal with the challenges of real life.

What exactly is Pedagogy?

What we mean when we talk about “leading the young” (or “pedagogy”) is primarily the formation of behavioral and cognitive routines.

Providing students with meaningful learning opportunities is central to pedagogy. Positions such as “line leader” and “door holder” highlight the value of leadership and service to students.

Alternatively, when a teacher moves from the playground to the classroom and adjusts their voice volume accordingly, they model the importance of being aware of one’s behavior.

Key Difference: Pedagogy

  • Pedagogy is a method of instruction widely used worldwide with a particular emphasis on younger students. 
  • Methods of instruction, student evaluations, and educational philosophy are all included. Paulo Freire, a Brazilian educator, created the liberationist pedagogy. 
  • Pedagogy is an approach to education that places the student at the center, with instructors making decisions based on their preferences and expertise.
  • A behaviorist pedagogy is informed by the principles of behaviorism. In a behaviorist classroom, the emphasis is on the instructor, not the student. 
  • The strategy would back up the effectiveness of lecture-style classes and direct teaching. Individuals develop the constructivist worldview via introspection and experience. 
  • The term “invisible pedagogy” is often used to describe a constructivist approach to education since it places the kid at the center of the learning process. 
  • Social constructivism as a pedagogical approach may be seen as a hybrid of traditional instructional methods and a focus on the needs of individual students. 
  • Freire, who headed the Department of Education, devised a method that let him educate individuals who couldn’t read to do so in only 45 days. 

Contrast Between Andragogy And Pedagogy


  • Andragogy – According to the idea of learning known as andragogy, individuals who prefer to study on their own are the ones who benefit the most. It indicates the pupil is motivated by their own interests and needs little direction.

    They use a wide variety of tools that aid them in overcoming significant academic obstacles.

    No educator role can be ruled out entirely, but instruction will focus on helping students learn from one another’s mistakes and successes and develop their capacity for creative problem-solving.
  • Pedagogy – Pedagogy, sometimes known as the “science of teaching,” influences students’ educational experiences. The goal of the course is to expand upon what the student already knows.

    Teachers have a pivotal role in developing curricula and offering solutions. It motivates pupils to go beyond textbook learning and apply what they’ve learned in practical settings. Pedagogy is a strategy for teaching academic subjects and practical skills. The part it plays in a child’s early education is crucial.


  • Andragogy – The learning process is driven more by life events than by any educator.

    Students falling behind in their studies often focus on catching up on material they have already learned rather than changing their emphasis to a new subject because they cannot do so.
  • Pedagogy – When a student has completed all of the tasks required to pass a particular level of education, that student is eligible to go on to the level of instruction after that.

    Students who are just beginning their educational careers get extensive direction on improving their abilities before moving on to the next subject.

    This is done to ensure that these students are ready for the material that will be covered in the subsequent topic.


  • Andragogy – Learners develop new knowledge by drawing from and expanding upon experiences that they have had in the past.

    Acceptance of the cultural differences that occur among students is necessary for teachers if they want their students’ children to have a solid foundation of knowledge.

    Not only can adults get knowledge from their instructors, but also the other adults in their age group. Because of this, the learning environment might become more collaborative.
  • Pedagogy – The student may only be able to draw on some of the information and expertise they’ve gained in the past.

    Because most of a kid’s classmates will also be inexperienced while studying at the same level as the child, the instructor is one of the essential persons in the classroom because everyone starts from scratch.


  • Andragogy – Every person is accountable for autonomously charting their own course through the educational system in a manner that is unaffected by the decisions or actions of others.

    Students are fully aware of the knowledge gaps that exist within their own bodies of information; as a result, they focus their academic efforts on meeting the informational requirements of their personal and professional lives, respectively.
  • Pedagogy – The instructor will provide the student with a plan that they should follow, and when each step of the process is considered on its own, the whole plan will make complete sense.

    The material that makes up an article is often broken down into more manageable chunks that all have some connection to the overarching subject matter that the article covers. These portions are often connected to one another by one method or another.


  • Andragogy – It emphasizes an emphasis on the student’s own talents and knowledge, encourages creative problem-solving, inspires creative problem-solving, and stimulates creative problem-solving.

    It also develops independence and self-direction within the student body. Some of the students may be under the impression that there are an excessive number of options accessible to them, which may make it difficult to evaluate how much progress they have made.
  • Pedagogy – Learners get more guidance and structure, it is simpler to evaluate their progress, and overall time and resources are employed more efficiently.

    It may not be as relevant to each student’s experiences, and there will be fewer possibilities for students to take the initiative as a result. Both of these hypotheses are not impossible to consider.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q1. What does it mean to teach pupils using an andragogical approach?

Andragogy is a method of teaching that places a greater emphasis on the education of adult students, whereas pedagogy places a greater emphasis on the education of younger students.

Andragogy allows the adult learner to exercise agency over their own education.

The role of the instructor is limited to only facilitating the activities that adult learners are required to do to achieve their educational objectives.

Q2. Exactly what is an illustration of education that is not appropriate?

It is an example of poor teaching when students must make the educational decisions they must make to secure their academic survival.

Practice ineffective pedagogy requires more than only finding a happy medium between the demands of teaching, doing research, and maintaining a normal family life.

It is a sign of bad teaching to transform one’s composition lesson into something more analogous to a literary class.

Q3. Is it more important to remember which of the following pedagogical principles?

Since andragogy was initially presented in the academic world in 1980 by educator Malcolm Knowles, many advancements have been made in the field of adult learning theories.

These theories today encompass a wide range of diverse adult education approaches.

Self-direction, personal growth, experience, mentoring, academic focus, intrinsic drive, and an eagerness to learn are the seven cornerstones of adult education.

Q4. Who was the first person to be recognized as a pioneer in the area of pedagogy?

Because Pestalozzi thought that education was a field that ought to be studied on its own, history has come to recognize him as the “founder” of the academic discipline of pedagogy.

When education is considered an academic or theoretical concept, this phrase refers to the technique and practice of teaching.

Specifically, the term relates to the practice of teaching. It is often accepted that Pestalozzi is the “father” of pedagogy.

Q5. What kind of results should be expected from andragogy?

Adults ought to have the self-awareness that comes with maturity; they ought to be able to accept and respect themselves and keep pushing themselves to improve.

Adults should learn to challenge ideas without threatening others and cultivate an attitude of acceptance, love, and respect toward others. They should also learn how to challenge ideas without threatening other people.

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