20+ Difference between Gynecologists and Obstetricians

Both obstetricians and gynecologists are female medical specialists; however, gynecologists deal with a wider range of concerns than only pregnancy regarding women’s reproductive health.

Obstetricians are doctors who treat women at every point in their reproductive lives, from before conception to after delivery.

They are also able to perform the delivery process. Menstrual problems, STIs, hormone imbalances, incontinence, injuries, and chronic ailments like endometriosis are all under the purview of gynecologists’ care.

Comparison Between Gynecologists And Obstetricians

DefinitionThe non-pregnancy-related components of a woman’s reproductive health are the primary focus of a gynecologist’s attention when it comes to the care that they provide. Appointments with a gynecologist are somewhat of a must for young women who are just beginning a sexual activity or adolescence.Obstetricians are highly trained medical professionals specializing in addressing the needs of expecting women and new mothers. When they are at their most defenseless, their main duty is to protect the mothers and small children in their care from harm.
SpecializationGynecologists are medical practitioners specializing in treating women’s reproductive health using more traditional procedures. Gynecologists treat women for a variety of reproductive health conditions. In addition, people will know them by the name of their occupation.Obstetricians have extensive training to provide care for women throughout the pregnancy, beginning before conception and continuing far after the baby’s delivery. These physicians, like most of those working in the medical field, earned degrees from accredited medical schools and board certifications in either pediatrics or internal medicine.
When to visitGynecologists are the go-to medical specialists for female patients who are not expecting children. This is the norm rather than the exception. Most women do not begin going to the gynecologist regularly until they are well into their adult years. Even then, many of them continue this practice well into their senior years.When a woman gets pregnant, the prudent thing for her to do is to make an appointment with an obstetrician. It is strongly suggested that you see an obstetrician if you are experiencing problems conceiving.
FunctionGynecologists conduct a wide range of services, including routine checkups (including mammograms, pap smears, and hysterectomies) and those related to infertility (including tubal ligations and hysterectomies), contraception, and other reproductive health issues. In addition, they treat vaginal and uterine illnesses and infections.When it comes to reproductive health, obstetricians only deal with pregnancy. Complications during labor and delivery, such as ectopic pregnancies (embryos in the fallopian tubes), fetal distress (when the fetus is crushed within the uterus), and preeclampsia, are all things that they deal with (convulsions due to hypertension).
ProcedureGynecologists often carry out a wide range of surgical procedures, some of which include hysterectomy (the removal of the uterus), oophorectomy (the removal of the ovaries), tubal ligation (the prevention of pregnancy), laparoscopy, laparotomy, cystoscopy, and pap smear (to identify pre-cancerous cells).Obstetricians are often present during natural and surgical birthing processes to support the mother and baby emotionally.

Major Difference Between Gynecologists And Obstetricians

Who exactly is Gynecologist?

A gynecologist’s expertise spans a woman’s reproductive years, from the onset of menstruation to the end of her life.

Simply put, a gynecologist is a physician who focuses on the health of women’s reproductive organs. Gynecologists routinely perform tests like Pap smears, breast exams, and pelvic exams.

Hysterectomies and tubal ligations are among the procedures they provide. Protect yourself from HPV, which may lead to cervical cancer, with an injection from your gynecologist.

Key Difference: Gynecologist

  • Patients often contact their gynecologists at the start of their menstrual cycles to discuss any concerns or to be screened for pelvic floor abnormalities, bleeding, and infertility. 
  • As a bonus, they are also equipped to help you out while you’re expecting a child or going through menopause. Get into the habit of seeing your gynecologist once a year. 
  • Due to the complexities of the female reproductive system, it is important to have frequent checkups beginning with the onset of menstruation to identify any problems. 
  • The term “OB/GYN” refers to a doctor who specializes in both the field of gynecology and the field of childbirth. They are free to specialize in any area or pursue both. 
  • Well-women examinations are available at Women’s Care of Bradenton and, in certain cases, may eliminate the need for a visit to the family doctor. 
  • We will measure your height and weight, test your blood pressure, and examine your belly for any signs of illness. And we’ll be doing a pelvic exam as well. 
  • Perhaps you need help locating the most suitable method of contraception, or perhaps you’re hoping to get a clean bill of health by having an STI test performed. 
  • A quick phone call to our office to set up an appointment is in order if you’ve been experiencing any unusual symptoms. 

Who exactly is Obstetrician?

An obstetrician is a medical doctor who focuses on treating pregnant women both during and after delivery.

It is common knowledge that gynecologists and obstetricians are two different types of doctors. Therapy to aid in conception is another service an obstetrician may give.

An obstetrician may be a great resource in the NICU if you’re expecting a preterm baby (NICU). For a safe pregnancy and delivery, it’s best to see an obstetrician.

Key Difference: Obstetrician

  • A Durban obstetrician is a doctor who has finished medical school and gone on to specialize in treating women at all stages of pregnancy. 
  • This includes the nine months before and after the birth of the child, respectively known as the antepartum and postpartum periods. 
  • Obstetricians may monitor their patients whether they’re expecting a healthy baby or one with potential issues like an HIV-positive mother or another medical issue. 
  • If your main gynecologist or GRP is concerned about the health of your unborn child, they may recommend that you see a fetal specialist. 
  • The pregnancy is called ectopic, when a fetus grows outside of the uterus. In a normal pregnancy, the baby develops within the uterus, where it is protected from harm. 
  • However, an ectopic pregnancy may be deadly if not managed. It’s because a fertilized egg has little chance of survival outside the uterus. 
  • Your OB may prescribe medicine to address this unusual disease in its early stages. However, if an ectopic pregnancy goes undetected, surgery may be necessary. 
  • Pelvic discomfort and abnormal vaginal bleeding are signs of an ectopic pregnancy. If your doctor notices any signs of trouble early on, they may be simpler to treat.

Contrast Between Gynecologists And Obstetricians


  • Gynecologist – While most gynecologists are also trained in obstetrics, gynecology concerns a woman’s reproductive health from adolescence through menopause and beyond.

    It is recommended that women get a Pap test and pelvic exam once a year at their gynecologist’s office. Infections, pain, or discomfort in the uterus, genitals, or breasts are other common causes for women to see a gynecologist.

    Obstetricians and gynecologists care for women who have trouble conceiving or need birth control.
  • Obstetrician – Care for the expectant mother and her child is the primary focus of obstetrics. Embryos may get stuck in the fallopian tube, causing a disease known as ectopic pregnancy.

    Compression of the uterus can cause fetal discomfort, and difficulties with the placenta or high blood pressure might signal the onset of pre-eclampsia, a potentially fatal condition.

Experience of visit:

  • Gynecologist – The first step in seeing a gynecologist is always a thorough examination of the patient’s health (blood pressure, weight, temperature). We may also check your blood pressure, heart rate, and urine for abnormalities.

    The gynecologist will inquire about your medical history, examine your breasts, and check your pelvis. If your gynecologist believes you need a pap smear, she will take a sample of your cervical tissue using a specific swab.
  • Obstetrician – Every pregnant patient who sees an obstetrician must first have a general health examination, which includes taking their blood pressure and weight and urinating into a test tube to look for indicators of pre-eclampsia and gestational diabetes.

    Doctors do prenatal checks by listening to the fetus’s heartbeat and palpating the mother’s stomach to determine the infant’s growth and positioning. Depending on your medical history and current health, you may also be required to undergo further testing.

What they do:

  • Gynecologist – Because it is not part of a gynecologist’s job description to assist pregnant women or deliver babies, these are two areas in which they do not get any training.

    They are concerned with the health of a woman’s reproductive organs, including the uterus, the ovaries, and the fallopian tubes. This is because these organs are necessary for a woman to have children.
  • Obstetrician – Obstetricians place a large amount of importance on providing care for the mother and baby when the infant is still developing within the mother (referred to as the fetus). Obstetricians are medical experts that assist patients in giving birth and help their patients recover after giving birth.

    Obstetricians also help with the postpartum recovery of their patients. Obstetricians are medical professionals specializing in treating pregnant patients and the complications that might occur during pregnancy.

Work on:

  • Gynecologist – A gynecologist is a kind of doctor that specializes in treating female patients who are experiencing issues associated with the reproductive system and the breasts.

    Symptoms involving discomfort, burning, or discharge coming from the vaginal area, the uterus, or the ovaries should be evaluated by a gynecologist.

    A gynecologist is qualified to provide advice and treatment for a wide range of medical issues, not limited to those about the reproductive health of women.
  • Obstetrician – A significant amount of information is shared between obstetricians and gynecologists. The major focus is on issues that might arise before, during, and after the labor and delivery process.

    After a woman discovers that she is pregnant, the first thing she should do is make an appointment with an obstetrician, and she should maintain this level of care for the whole of her pregnancy.

How to choose:

  • Gynecologist – The first step most individuals do when looking for an obstetrician is to see whether they are in their insurance network. Once a potential client has been located, you should schedule a meeting with them.

    Usually, obstetricians will converse with you and address your questions before they consent to any procedures.

    You should inquire about pain relief options, inducing labor beyond 39 weeks and returning to a vaginal birth if you’ve already had a cesarean section.
  • Obstetrician – Finding the correct gynecologist is similar to looking for an obstetrician because you need to check your insurance and see whom you feel most at ease with.

    If you want to feel comfortable discussing private health issues with your gynecologist, that doctor has to have excellent interpersonal skills.

    You need to find someone who shares your beliefs to have a harmonious relationship if you have a particular medical need.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q1. How difficult is it to get into gynecology school?

As with many other specialized medical professions, prospective gynecologists must complete several years of training and receive several degrees before becoming certified to practice their chosen field.

To practice as a gynecologist, one must first get a bachelor’s degree from a college or university with a solid reputation for producing well-educated graduates and meeting rigorous academic requirements.

Q2. How many hours do gynecologists typically put in throughout the course of a workweek?

The majority of the time, gynecologists and obstetricians are expected to put in a full week’s worth of work consisting of forty hours.

However, it is conceivable that you may be required to contact the gynecologist on some nights, weekends, or holidays to schedule an appointment.

As the procedure is carried out further, the call responsibilities will probably become more rigorous.

Q3. When does it become impossible to embark on a professional path in the medical field?

The application procedure for medical school does not impose an age restriction on prospective students.

If you really want to, you can start medical school when you’re in your 30s, 40s, 50s, or even 60s.

In the end, medical schools are seeking people who have the potential to become successful physicians. There is no bearing on one’s age in any way.

Q4. Do those who work in the medical sector ever have the chance to kick their feet up, relax, and unwind?

One piece of the study concluded that most people engaged in the medical industry do not have a significant amount of free time on their hands.

On the other hand, medical professionals of all ages use their leisure time with a diverse array of extracurricular activities.

Q5. Who in the medical team is the most often absent from the clinical setting?

It is common practice for medical students to specialize in one or more areas of medicine during their time in school.

Family medicine is one of the professions in which students may have a more difficult time practicing medicine in other nations.

Emergency medicine, anesthesia, and infectious disease are examples of specialties that lend themselves better to working in other countries.

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